Ovarian cancer rarely causes symptoms at an early stage.
But at an advanced stage you may experience some symptoms such as loss of appetite, weight loss, constipation or irritable bowel symptoms.
Ovarian cancer is usually only detected when the cancer has spread in the body.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
Some of the symptoms commonly experienced by people with ovarian cancer are:
Pain in abdominal area or pelvic bone
Gastrointestinal (digestive tract bleeding)
Digestive disorders such as fever, nausea or changes in bowel habits
Loss of appetite or fatigue associated with cancer
Lump in stomach or fluid in stomach
the most common symptom of ovarian cancer is weight loss. therefore check immediately to find out the cause.
Causes and Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer
Just like cancer in general, cause of ovarian cancer is also uncertain.
Here are some factors that increase a woman’s risk of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer tends to occur in women aged 50 years and over.
The risk for ovarian cancer will increase if you have a family member who has ovarian cancer or breast cancer.
Likewise for women who have the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which are genetic mutations that can be inherited.
Estrogen Hormone Replacement Therapy
Can increase risk of ovarian cancer if done for a long time and with high doses.
besides, other causes of ovarian cancer are:
- Suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Never been pregnant
- Experience menstrual cycle before age of 12 years and menopause after the age of 50 years
- Using IUD contraception
- Overweight or obese
- Undergoing fertility therapy
Ovarian Cancer Prevention
Because the cause is unknown, prevention of ovarian cancer cannot be done with certainty.
But there are some things that can reduce a person’s risk of getting cancer. These steps include:
- Using contraception in pill form for more than 10 years. This step is proven to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by half,
- Undergoing pregnancy and breastfeeding,
- Applying a healthy lifestyle to avoid obesity. For example, exercising regularly and increasing consumption of fiber such as fruit and vegetables.
In women who have a high risk of ovarian cancer, surgical removal of the ovary and fallopian tubes before cancer can also be done to minimize risk.
This procedure is usually recommended at the age of 35 to 40 years, for those who have decided not to have more offspring.
In conclusion, we can avoid the symptoms of ovarian cancer with a healthy lifestyle such as exercising and eating nutritious foods. better to prevent than cure