Ignoring the symptoms of skin cancer is a dangerous action. Although the case is not as common as breast cancer or lung cancer, skin cancer remains as dangerous.
Skin cancer is one of the most life-threatening types of cancer. prevention of skin cancer is the best way.
Understanding Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is an abnormality in skin cells caused by mutations in cell DNA, which makes cell growth fast, cell age is longer and cells lose their basic properties.
Skin cancer occurs mostly due to ultraviolet light.
not exposed to enough sunlight also increases the likelihood of this disease.
The recommended time for sunbathing is between 6.30-9.00 and do not try to bask in the sun when going up, which is between 9.00-16.00 because it can cause skin cancer.
Causes of Skin Cancer
Generally skin cancer is caused by exposure to ultraviolet light, causing DNA damage to the skin tissue.
There are 3 types of ultraviolet light, namely:
- UVA (Ultraviolet A)
Of the three types of ultraviolet light, the most dangerous for the skin is UVC rays.
However, the atmosphere breaks it before UVC rays reach the ground
UVA and UVB can damage skin cells, especially those that are pale, and have the potential to cause skin cancer.
Artificial UV light sources such as UV lamps and tanning beds can also cause skin cancer.
There are 4 types of skin cancer that you can distinguish from each characteristic.
Detect skin cancer symptoms based on the type
1. Melanoma cancer
Melanoma cancer is one of the deadliest types of skin cancer.
this disease occurs when melanocyte cells (skin pigment-producing cells) grow abnormally malignant into cancer.
How to detect symptoms of melanoma skin cancer
Melanoma cancer usually appears as dark spots like ordinary moles that change in size, shape or color.
Melanoma can also appear in areas of the skin that have never had a mole before.
Most often appear on the back, legs, hands and face.
To be able to distinguish between normal moles and skin cancer moles, follow the “ABCDE” guide below:
Asymmetry (size and shape are not symmetrical)
Normal moles have a perfect symmetrical shape, the size of the edges will be the same as on the left and right.
Mole symptoms of melanoma skin cancer have irregular shapes and sizes, because cells on one side grow faster than others.
Border (uneven edges)
The edges of normal moles will have clear limits, you can see where your original skin color ends and where the typical brown color of the mole begins.
Melanoma cancer moles have random edges and appear blurry, sometimes jagged like someone who is coloring on the outside.
Color (different colors)
Normal moles have a solid and even color on all sides, just dark brown or light brown, or solid black.
If your mole has a variety of colors in one location, this may be a symptom of melanoma skin cancer.
For example, in the center of the pink color that gradually darkens the redness on the edges, or the opposite (only red or pink moles are normal).
Cancer moles can also show different color spots in one place, such as red, white, gray in one mole.
Normal birthmarks will remain the same size all the time.
A mole that grows suddenly increases, greater than 6 mm, can indicate melanoma cancer. Especially if the mole is completely new and immediately enlarges.
Evolve (develop and change)
Moles that change color, size, texture, and shape so that they look very different than all other moles on your skin can be a symptom of melanoma. Melanoma moles also itch, or can even bleed.
2. Non-melanoma cancer
is a skin cancer that occurs in skin tissue other than melanocytes and often appears on the nose, ears, lower lip and hands.
Non-melanoma skin cancer is divided into two types as follows:
Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer.
According to the American Cancer Society, this condition is the world’s number one skin cancer case. About 8 out of 10 skin cancers are basal cell carcinomas.
This cancer tends to grow slowly, but it cannot spread to other parts of the body.
Basal cell carcinoma can be completely cured if it is quickly detected and treated early.
How to detect symptoms of basal cell carcinoma
Initially, basal cell carcinoma appear like a small flat, dense, shiny “pearl” lump that looked like a pimple that didn’t go away.
Sometimes the color can look yellowish, similar to scars.
This cancer might also look like a shiny pink, slightly scaly mole.
You may see dome-shaped skin growth that has blood vessels in it. Can be pink, brown or black.
Another symptom to watch out for is hard and waxy skin growth.
This cancer may also manifest as an open wound that does not heal (has a crusty or discharged periphery), or can heal but then returns.
Basal cell carcinoma can occur in any part of the body.
But the frequent appearance on the face, neck and ears that grow very slowly, even for years after intense or long-term sun exposure.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is similar to basal cell carcinoma. The shape tends to be a long red lump of loss.
This type of cancer can grow into deeper layers of skin and spread to other parts of the body, but can be prevented if treated and detected early.
How do you detect squamous cell carcinoma?
Symptoms of skin cancer are usually in the form of moles or warts that are raised upward or appear vaulted with a lower niche in the middle.
Unlike basal cell carcinoma, lumps or wounds squamous cell carcinoma is pale and usually not shiny.
Moles of squamous cell carcinoma have a smooth and itchy or painful surface when scratched.
This cancer can also form rough or scaly red warts, which may crust or bleed when scratched.
3. Actinic Keratosis
According to Dr. Anthony Rossi, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, actinic kerastosis is an early symptom of skin cancer caused by excessive sun exposure.
In some cases, actinic kerastosis can develop into squamous cell skin cancer.
How to detect symptoms of actinic keratosis skin cancer
Symptoms of skin cancer are usually in the form of red lesions that are rough and scaly. The size can be large and small.
Lesions sometimes cause itching and pain, as well as the appearance of excess meat around the affected body.
Actinic keratosis often appears on the face, lips, ears, back of the hands, and arms, but can occur in other areas that are often exposed to sunlight.
4. Merkel cell carcinoma
Merkel cells are located close to nerve endings in the skin, and are related to the function of the skin as a sense of touch.
This is the rarest and most dangerous skin cancer.
This skin cancer can grow and spread quickly to other parts of the body.
How to detect mercury cell carcinoma?
The form of Merkel cell carcinoma tends to be small, not painful, has a variety of colors (red, pink, purple) and even shiny. This cancer usually develops on the face, neck, forehead, or arm, but can develop anywhere and grow quickly.
as wise men we must know some symptoms of skin cancer but sometimes these symptoms are even underestimated.
this action can be very dangerous.
it would be good for us to know how to anticipate earlier.